|COIN COLLECTING DEFINITIONS STARTING WITH "E"|
eagle: the bird that appears on the backs of most U.S. silver and gold coins. Also, the official term for a U.S. $10 gold piece.
edge: known as the third side of a coin, this is the surface that encircles a coin.
edge device: any marking, lettering or ornamentation on the edge of a coin.
EF: abbreviation for Extra Fine or Extremely Fine.
electrotype: a well-made, deceptive copy of a coin created by joining two halves together over a lead center. Only one electrotype can be made at a time. Electrotypes will fail the ring test and close examination will reveal a seam along the edge.
electrum: a natural alloy of gold and silver, used to make some of the first coins.
elements: the various designs, lettering, and markings on a coin.
encapsulated: placed in a sealed plastic holder by any of the independent, third-party grading services.
engraver: the person who actually cuts the design of a coin into the die.
environmental damage: damage to a coin caused by the elements (pollution, moisture, and excess oxidation).
error: a coin that results from a mistake in the coining process.
estimate: a guess as to what a coin will sell for at auction, usually based on price guides and comparable sales.
exergue: a section of a coin, separated by a dividing line.
expert: anyone who knows as much as possible about a numismatic subject. Expertise can be gained through study or examination of many coins.
Extra Fine: a well-preserved coin with a grade range from 40 to 49 on a grading scale of 1 to 70.
Extremely Fine: same as Extra Fine.
eye appeal: the visual aspects of a coin. Coins with nice eye appeal are worth a premium.
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